There has long been a perception that girls and women have less aptitude for math and science subjects than boys and men. However, there is no factual basis to this belief. What is true is that by adolescence girls often have a lower level of confidence and, perhaps as a result, are less likely to show interest in technical subjects. Helping girls see past gendered stereotypes and existing self-perceptions can increase confidence and encourage them to follow educational and career paths in math and science fields.

To best support girls' success in math and science, teachers should help students understand that their academic ability is expandable with work and practice, provide prescriptive feedback that recognizes specific effort and offers suggestions for improvement, raise the visibility of women who excel in math and the sciences and can serve as female role models for students, offer engaging and meaningful activities that spark curiosity, and provide specific support in spatial skills instruction including visualization and manipulation.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Encouraging Girls in Math and Science.

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Lesson Plan: Urban Legends Experiment and "Mythbusters" Extra Credit

This sample material contains classroom activities and extra credit work about all steps of scientific inquiry. To spark students' curiosity, all activities focus on common myths and urban...

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07/25/2014
1475 views

Sample Lesson Plan: Design Your Own Mall Store

This lesson plan includes drawing a complete floor plan of the store and aims to promote visual and spatial thinking skills, as well as classification skills, as students imagine the store they...

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07/25/2014
917 views

Lesson Plan: Changing the Density of Bread

This lesson plan provides a hands-on opportunity to make predictions and experiment with a piece of bread to understand concepts related to mass, volume, and density. Related Files: Clarke...

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07/25/2014
705 views

Career Brochure: Telecommunications Technician

In this brochure, a junior high school student describes the job of environmental engineers, the tasks involved and education required. She also highlights the benefits of the job and the appeal of...

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07/25/2014
702 views

Career Brochure: Environmental Engineering

In this brochure, a junior high school student describes the job of environmental engineers, the tasks involved and education required. She also highlights the benefits of the job and the appeal of...

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07/25/2014
740 views

Career Brochure: Robotic Engineering

In this brochure, a junior high school student explores the profession of robotic engineering. Using this brochure, the student leads a presentation about the types of work robots could...

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07/25/2014
785 views

Career Brochure: Guide to Being a Psychologist

In this brochure, a junior high school student explores being a psychologist. In addition to basic facts such as educational requirements, she provides some interesting trivia to pique her...

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07/25/2014
734 views
Careers in Science

Careers in Science

Students present about a career in science, technology, or engineering. The presentation includes job responsibilities and what they liked about the job. Also see the four related "career brochure"...

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07/25/2014
425 views

Lab Lesson Plan: Conservation of Momentum

In this lab class, students manipulate carts to learn about types of collisions and conservation of momentum. Related Files: Science in Motion (Video) Hillcrest High School Description

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07/25/2014
1193 views
Science in Motion

Science in Motion

Watch a physics lab lesson about conservation of momentum. This lab connects the physics law to car accidents and provides practice opportunities about types of collisions. See the related sample...

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07/25/2014
543 views
Strategies for Engaging Students

Strategies for Engaging Students

A high school physics teacher describes strategies to capture students’ immediate interest in physics. Strategies include hands-on project work, cooperative learning, and connecting physical laws...

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07/25/2014
484 views
Science Activities That Engage Girls

Science Activities That Engage Girls

Four science teachers discuss nontraditional instruction and innovative project ideas. Girls learn to connect science concepts to everyday experiences and topics of interest to them. Related...

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07/25/2014
416 views
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