There has long been a perception that girls and women have less aptitude for math and science subjects than boys and men. However, there is no factual basis to this belief. What is true is that by adolescence girls often have a lower level of confidence and, perhaps as a result, are less likely to show interest in technical subjects. Helping girls see past gendered stereotypes and existing self-perceptions can increase confidence and encourage them to follow educational and career paths in math and science fields.

To best support girls' success in math and science, teachers should help students understand that their academic ability is expandable with work and practice, provide prescriptive feedback that recognizes specific effort and offers suggestions for improvement, raise the visibility of women who excel in math and the sciences and can serve as female role models for students, offer engaging and meaningful activities that spark curiosity, and provide specific support in spatial skills instruction including visualization and manipulation.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Encouraging Girls in Math and Science.

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Teacher Self-Reflection: Spatial Skills Training

Use this assessment tool to guide teachers' self-reflection on instructional strategies for teaching spatial skills.

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07/25/2014
579 views

Spatial Skills Training Lesson Planner

Use this planning tool to help teachers explore ideas for spatial skills training in the classroom.

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07/25/2014
583 views

Learning Together About Providing Spatial Skills Training

These activities can be used to convene a school in-service session for teachers to learn why and how to teach students spatial skills. Related Media: Teaching Spatial Skills to Girls...

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Document
07/25/2014
646 views

Isometric Dot Paper for Drawing 3-D Figures

This sample material includes a blank isometric dot paper to use in the classroom for 3-D figure drawings, and sample student work from one high school in Michigan. Related Media and...

Sample Material
Document
07/25/2014
878 views
Hands-On Activities for 3-D Spatial Skills (Part 2)

Hands-On Activities for 3-D Spatial Skills (Part 2)

Watch this demonstration of 3-D drawing skills. The purpose of this demonstration is to visualize and draw a rotated three-dimensional object Related Media and Files: Hands-On Activities...

School Example
Video
07/25/2014
297 views

Isometric Grid Paper for Drawing 3-D Figures

This sample material includes a blank isometric grid to use in the classroom for 3-D figure drawings. This is an alternative drawing tool to the isometric dot paper. Related Media and...

Sample Material
Document
07/25/2014
911 views
Hands-On Activities for 3-D Spatial Skills (Part 1)

Hands-On Activities for 3-D Spatial Skills (Part 1)

Watch this demonstration of 3-D drawing skills. Students learn how to use isometric grid paper. See related sample material, Isometric Grid Paper for Drawing 3-D Figures. Related Media and...

School Example
Video
07/25/2014
339 views
Spatial Skills in High School Science and Math

Spatial Skills in High School Science and Math

A high school math teacher describes how she integrates spatial skills training into geometry class. She explains how this training improved her students’ skills and beliefs about their...

School Example
Audio
07/25/2014
242 views

Designing Math and Science Lessons to Spark Girls' Curiosity

Use the tips provided in this tool to organize the integration of fun math and science activities for girls into the math/science curriculum, and to connect students to additional enrichment...

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07/25/2014
723 views

Conducting a School Assessment: Sparking Curiosity

Use this assessment worksheet to examine the degree of school support for sparking interest in math and science, and to identify areas for improvement.

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07/25/2014
568 views

Teacher Self-Reflection: Strategies for Sparking Curiosity

This evaluation form can be used to guide teachers’ self-reflection on instructional strategies for sparking initial curiosity and fostering long-term interest in math and science.

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07/25/2014
711 views

Learning Together About Sparking Curiosity

Convene a school in-service session for teachers and use this protocol to learn strategies for sparking initial curiosity and fostering long-term interest in math and science. Related...

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07/25/2014
569 views
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