Students need to not only build mastery in current material but also remember what they have learned before and understand when and how to apply it. The way teachers organize their instruction can greatly influence a student's ability to learn, retain, recall, and apply skills and knowledge. In this topic you'll find information on four key ways that that instruction can be structured to improve students' long-term understanding: space learning over time with regular review and quizzing, include completed examples with practice opportunities, make abstract-concrete connections that explore ideas at work in various contexts, and using higher-order questions to help students delve deeper into explanations.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning.

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Learning Together About Alternating Examples With Practice

This in-service plan can be used to convene a school in-service session for teachers to learn why and how to alternate worked examples with practice. Related Media and Files: Alternating...

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05/19/2014
727 views

Student Handout: Order of Operations Homework With Worked Examples

In this sample homework set, both incorrect and correct answers are offered as ways to help students think about the problem-solving steps and strategies involved. Related Media and...

Sample Material
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05/19/2014
806 views

Lesson Planning: Developing a Review Game

Use this lesson plan template to design a game that requires students to recall important facts.

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05/19/2014
701 views

Planning Chart Activity: Building in More Frequent Review

This planning chart activity can help to examine the sequence of activities throughout a unit or quarter to map out how key concepts will be revisited. Related Files: Learning Together...

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05/19/2014
720 views

Learning Together About Spacing Learning Over Time

The materials and worksheet in this tool can be used to convene a school in-service session for teachers to learn why and how to space learning over time. Related Media and Files: Spacing...

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05/19/2014
780 views

Learning Together About Quizzing

Follow the steps in this tool to convene a school in-service session for teachers to learn why and how to use quizzes to support students’ retention of key ideas. Related Media and...

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05/19/2014
873 views

“I Can” Worksheets: Reviewing Concepts Over Time

View "I Can" sheets used by fifth-grade teacher Deb Wickerham for review purposes. Students fill in these worksheets during a unit and then use them to review and prepare for assessments later in...

Sample Material
Document
05/19/2014
1095 views

Screenshots of Grade Reports Tracking Daily Quiz Results By Topic

View screenshots from an online grading report system, which organizes student quiz scores by the review topics that are cycled through each quarter. The reports highlight areas that need more...

Sample Material
Document
05/19/2014
738 views
Mastery Over Time

Mastery Over Time

Two math teachers describe their department's focus on student mastery of skills and knowledge over time. They have developed a curriculum that creates multiple opportunities for students to learn...

School Example
Video
05/19/2014
1033 views
Strategic Study: Using the “Delayed Judgment of Learning” Task

Strategic Study: Using the “Delayed Judgment of Learning” Task

In this interview, professor Janet Metcalfe describes how teachers can teach their students to use flashcards to assess what they know, and what they don't know, and to strategically focus their...

Expert Interview
Video
05/19/2014
479 views

Screenshot of Interactive Whiteboard Pre-Test With Summary of Student Answers

View a screenshot from an interactive whiteboard in Patrice Bain's social studies classroom. See how students' correct and incorrect responses to short, multiple choice quizzes are summarized for...

Sample Material
Document
05/19/2014
808 views
Quizzing With Clickers

Quizzing With Clickers

Middle school social studies teacher Patrice Bain explains how she uses "clickers" (remote control devices) to give short, ungraded quizzes to prompt student recall of key course material. View the...

School Example
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05/19/2014
345 views
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