Fractions
Explore resources designed to improve fractions instruction in elementary and middle school.
- View a visual diagram of all four practices
- Watch a topic overview and download planning templates
- Listen to an expert
Explore the subtopics below to learn more about the recommended practices:
To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Developing Effective Fractions Instruction for Kindergarten Through 8th Grade.
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Focus on Fraction Operations
Fractions > Fractions Operations > See How It Works
This PowerPoint covers the content of a staff development session for math coaches and teachers about how to teach fraction operations. Multiply or Divide? shows a portion of the workshop in which...
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Sample Material
Web Shots for Spiderman Problem
Fractions > Fractions Operations > See How It Works
Students use this worksheet to record findings from exploration with Cuisenaire Rods as they build a foundation for working with equivalent fractions. Their work is shown in Solving a Real-World...
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Sample Material
Dumb Friends League Problem
Fractions > Fractions Operations > See How It Works
Students work on this set of real-world problems about placing homeless dogs in animal shelters. The problems require comparison of fractions as seen in Grade 5 Number Talk. Related Media and...
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Sample Material
Partitive and Measurement Fraction Problems
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
Dr. Brendefur uses two context problems to distinguish between partitive and measurement fraction problems. These two slides illustrate the differences between the two problems and demonstrate the...
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Sample Material
Frank's Fresh Farm Produce
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
View a problem assigned to elementary school students that required the use of a double number line, and the solutions that groups of students developed. View the students working on the problem in...
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Sample Material
Fraction Tracks Game
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
Fifth graders play this game to practice working with equivalent fractions, as seen in Fraction Game on Number Lines. Included are a game board and instructions for the game, including how to...
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Sample Material
Fraction Strip Game: Cover Up
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
A third-grade teacher uses this game to help students understand unit fractions and equivalences. Students work in pairs, following instructions to play two variations of the game. Making and Using...
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Sample Material
Same Parts, Different Whole: Lesson Plan and Worksheet
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
A fourth-grade teacher’s lesson on finding fractional parts of rectangular arrays and a group of objects requires students to compare the same fractional parts of different-size wholes. Related...
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Sample Material
Sharing Cookies Worksheet
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
As seen in Equal Sharing in Grade 1, a teacher uses the progressively more difficult sharing challenges on this worksheet to differentiate instruction. Related Files: Equal Sharing in...
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Sample Material
Fractions With Cuisinaire Rods
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
Students use the worksheet to record their explorations of equivalent fractions using Cuisenaire Rods. Their work is shown in Representations of Part-Whole Relationships. Related Media and...
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Sample Material
Planning for Real-World Problems for Ratio, Rate, Proportion
Fractions > Ratio, Rate, Proportion > Overview & Tools
This planning tool helps middle-grade teachers develop practice problems based in real-world contexts that require students to work with ratios, rates, and proportions. Related Media and...
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Tool
Analyzing Student Work: Ratios
Fractions > Ratio, Rate, Proportion > Overview & Tools
Math coaches can use this analysis tool to help teachers review student work with ratios and determine what concepts and procedures students have grasped and where they may be...
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Tool