Fractions as Numbers
Use number lines to develop student understanding of fractions as numbers.
Understanding that fractions are numbers with magnitudes that can be ordered or considered equivalent is fundamental to grasping operations with fractions. Teachers can develop students’ understanding of fractions as numbers by using number lines to illustrate magnitudes, the relation between whole numbers and fractions, and the relations among fractions, decimals, and percents.
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Overview
Developing Effective Fractions Instruction for K-8
The National Mathematics Advisory Panel and the Common Core State Standards emphasize the importance of rational numbers. Watch this multimedia overview to learn why and to receive an introduction...
Sample Material
Ratio: Warm Up Activity
Students use counters or blocks to work out their responses to three problems and then represent their answers as shown in Cross-Multiply? Not So Fast. Related Media and...
Sample Material
Fraction Strip Game: Cover Up
A third-grade teacher uses this game to help students understand unit fractions and equivalences. Students work in pairs, following instructions to play two variations of the game. Making and Using...
Visual Diagram
Visual Diagram: Fractions Instruction
This diagram serves as a visual overview of the recommended instructional practices for teaching fractions in elementary and middle school, along with information on the knowledge teachers need to...
Expert Interview
The Importance of Fractions Instruction
Dr. Siegler discusses why competence with fractions is critical for more advanced math and why U.S. students have difficulty grasping fractions. He also describes the developmental sequence that...
Sample Material
Focus on Fraction Operations
This PowerPoint covers the content of a staff development session for math coaches and teachers about how to teach fraction operations. Multiply or Divide? shows a portion of the workshop in which...