Teach students reading comprehension strategies using carefully selected texts.

Many young readers learn to decode text but do not construct meaning with text. It’s important to teach beginning readers the strategies and mental actions that good readers use to construct meaning from text. Strategies such as activating prior knowledge or predicting, questioning, visualizing, monitoring, drawing inferences, and summarizing can be taught one by one or in combination. These strategies should be taught through explicit instruction and modeling, opportunities for guided and independent practice, and a gradual release of responsibility to apply the practice from teacher to students. When selecting texts for teaching reading comprehension strategies, teachers should draw from different genres, paying close attention to text quality and difficulty level. Selected texts should support the specific aim of the instruction.

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Instructional Planner: Selecting Text for Teaching Comprehension Strategies

Download this tool to assist teachers when they are selecting text for reading comprehension instruction. The planning chart can serve as a checklist to help teachers to remember important elements...

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03/24/2014
1158 views

Teacher Self-Assessment: Gradual Release of Responsibility

Use this tool to introduce teachers to the idea of a “gradual release of responsibility,” to help them assess their own practice, and to explore teaching examples they might want to adapt for their...

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03/24/2014
2849 views

Learning Together About Reading Comprehension Strategies

Professional development providers and literacy coaches can use this tool to introduce teachers to the key concepts in reading comprehension instruction. Included in this tool is a brainstorming...

Tool
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03/24/2014
1157 views

Peer Observation Form

This form is used to guide teacher observations of comprehension lessons taught in peer classrooms. The form lists reflection question stems to focus observations and a chart for taking notes on...

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03/24/2014
931 views

Principal's Walk-Through: Observation and Feedback Form

This checklist is used by a principal to conduct classroom observations and provide feedback to teachers. Principals and coaches can adapt this walk-through to monitor instruction and engage staff...

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03/24/2014
3316 views

Examples of Effective Reading Comprehension Strategies

This table from the Practice Guide describes the six strategies that are the most important for improving reading comprehension in the primary grades and provides examples of activities to promote...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1775 views

Examples of Multiple Strategy Formats

This table from the Practice Guide shows four examples of multiple-strategy formats that combine strategies with an explicit method of teaching them—Reciprocal Teaching, Transactional Strategy...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1023 views

Illustration of Gradual Release of Responsibility Model

This illustration from the Practice Guide shows instructional practices to gradually release responsibility from teachers to students as a task progresses. It describes the task, the share of...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1094 views

"I Can..." Reading Strategy Books

This student booklet was created by a second-grade teacher to help her students keep track of the reading strategies they have learned and to remind them to use them as they read. Watch the...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
2171 views
Question Sea: On- and Under-the-Surface Questions

Question Sea: On- and Under-the-Surface Questions

Watch how a third-grade teacher uses modeling and guided practice to teach questioning. Listen as she describes how she supports students in learning to use the strategies on their own. View the...

School Example
Video
03/24/2014
1284 views

Question Sea Worksheets

These worksheets were developed by a third-grade teacher and her colleagues to help students understand the difference between on-the-surface and under-the-surface questions about text. Watch the...

Sample Material
Document
03/24/2014
1070 views
Helping Students Connect to Text

Helping Students Connect to Text

Listen to an instructional coach describe how she builds partnerships and supports teachers’ instruction in a diverse cultural setting. She discusses teacher modeling, the importance of developing...

School Example
Video
03/17/2014
514 views
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