Strong reading skills open the door to a wide range of opportunities in education, employment, and social and civic life, but many students never reach proficiency in reading. By focusing on supporting reading comprehension, teachers can help even the youngest students develop the skills required to understand increasingly difficult material and continue their growth as readers. Teachers can give students the tools they need by carefully selecting texts and using them to explicitly teach comprehension strategies, help students understand and use text structure to aid comprehension, and engage students in reading and discussions about their readers.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Improving Reading Comprehension in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade.

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Learning Together About Reading Comprehension Strategies

Professional development providers and literacy coaches can use this tool to introduce teachers to the key concepts in reading comprehension instruction. Included in this tool is a brainstorming...

Tool
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03/24/2014
1157 views

Peer Observation Form

This form is used to guide teacher observations of comprehension lessons taught in peer classrooms. The form lists reflection question stems to focus observations and a chart for taking notes on...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
931 views

Principal's Walk-Through: Observation and Feedback Form

This checklist is used by a principal to conduct classroom observations and provide feedback to teachers. Principals and coaches can adapt this walk-through to monitor instruction and engage staff...

Sample Material
Document
03/24/2014
3316 views

Examples of Effective Reading Comprehension Strategies

This table from the Practice Guide describes the six strategies that are the most important for improving reading comprehension in the primary grades and provides examples of activities to promote...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1775 views

Examples of Multiple Strategy Formats

This table from the Practice Guide shows four examples of multiple-strategy formats that combine strategies with an explicit method of teaching them—Reciprocal Teaching, Transactional Strategy...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1023 views

Illustration of Gradual Release of Responsibility Model

This illustration from the Practice Guide shows instructional practices to gradually release responsibility from teachers to students as a task progresses. It describes the task, the share of...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
1094 views

"I Can..." Reading Strategy Books

This student booklet was created by a second-grade teacher to help her students keep track of the reading strategies they have learned and to remind them to use them as they read. Watch the...

Sample Material
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03/24/2014
2171 views
Question Sea: On- and Under-the-Surface Questions

Question Sea: On- and Under-the-Surface Questions

Watch how a third-grade teacher uses modeling and guided practice to teach questioning. Listen as she describes how she supports students in learning to use the strategies on their own. View the...

School Example
Video
03/24/2014
1285 views

Question Sea Worksheets

These worksheets were developed by a third-grade teacher and her colleagues to help students understand the difference between on-the-surface and under-the-surface questions about text. Watch the...

Sample Material
Document
03/24/2014
1070 views
Helping Students Connect to Text

Helping Students Connect to Text

Listen to an instructional coach describe how she builds partnerships and supports teachers’ instruction in a diverse cultural setting. She discusses teacher modeling, the importance of developing...

School Example
Video
03/17/2014
514 views
The Persistent Principal

The Persistent Principal

Watch a principal and district elementary supervisor discuss the critical role of building-level instructional leadership. The principal describes how staff development, data meetings, and...

School Example
Video
03/17/2014
765 views
Third-Grade Articulation Meeting: Needs-Based Text Selection

Third-Grade Articulation Meeting: Needs-Based Text Selection

Watch a team of third-grade teachers review assessment data and hear how they adjust their reading comprehension instruction based on the needs of their students. Listen to a literacy coach...

School Example
Video
03/17/2014
531 views
  • Items 37 - 48 of 66