There has long been a perception that girls and women have less aptitude for math and science subjects than boys and men. However, there is no factual basis to this belief. What is true is that by adolescence girls often have a lower level of confidence and, perhaps as a result, are less likely to show interest in technical subjects. Helping girls see past gendered stereotypes and existing self-perceptions can increase confidence and encourage them to follow educational and career paths in math and science fields.

To best support girls' success in math and science, teachers should help students understand that their academic ability is expandable with work and practice, provide prescriptive feedback that recognizes specific effort and offers suggestions for improvement, raise the visibility of women who excel in math and the sciences and can serve as female role models for students, offer engaging and meaningful activities that spark curiosity, and provide specific support in spatial skills instruction including visualization and manipulation.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Encouraging Girls in Math and Science.

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The Growth Mindset (Part 1)

The Growth Mindset (Part 1)

Dr. Carol Dweck describes the “growth” versus “fixed” mindset and implications for girls learning math and science. Related Files: The Growth Mindset (Part 2) (Video)

Expert Interview
Video
07/23/2014
677 views
Ability Is Expandable

Ability Is Expandable

Learn about the importance of helping students realize that improving and expanding their academic abilities leads to success in math, science, as well as other subjects. This overview presents a...

Overview
Video
07/23/2014
595 views

Encouraging Girls Planning Template #3

This planning template for state-level personnel suggests ways states can promote girls' academic success and career interest in math and science. Key considerations are presented for state...

Planning Template
Document
07/23/2014
728 views

Encouraging Girls Planning Template #2

This planning template for district-level personnel offers key actions to promote girls' academic success and career interest in math and science. Areas addressed include district leadership,...

Planning Template
Document
07/23/2014
861 views

Encouraging Girls Planning Template #1

This planning template, aimed at school- and district-level personnel, summarizes how schools can promote girls' academic success and career interests in math and science. Key actions are presented...

Planning Template
Document
07/23/2014
754 views
Encouraging Girls in Math and Science (Part 2)

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science (Part 2)

This interview features Dr. Diane Halpern, chair of the expert panel that produced the Practice Guide. In Part 2 of the interview, Dr. Halpern discusses implementation ideas and roles that school...

Expert Interview
Video
07/23/2014
429 views
Encouraging Girls in Math and Science (Part 1)

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science (Part 1)

This interview features Dr. Diane Halpern, chair of the expert panel that produced the Practice Guide. In Part 1 of the interview, Dr. Halpern describes the research evidence and reasoning for the...

Expert Interview
Video
07/23/2014
481 views
Encouraging Girls in Math and Science

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science

Women are less involved in career paths and post-secondary education in some areas of math and science than men. This pattern starts at school. Use this short overview to learn about the strategies...

Overview
Video
07/23/2014
454 views
Visual Diagram: Encouraging Girls in Math and Science

Visual Diagram: Encouraging Girls in Math and Science

This graphical illustration is a reminder of the five interrelated research-based practices embodied in media and materials on this website. These practices aim to increase academic self-esteem,...

Visual Diagram
Document
07/23/2014
750 views
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