Reading difficulties impact students' achievement across all subject areas and can cause increasing challenges at higher grade levels. Recognizing when students are struggling with reading in the early grades allows teachers to provide the necessary support that will help them succeed in the long run. 

Response to Intervention (RtI) is a formal system of detection, prevention, and support designed to help struggling elementary school students before they fall behind. RtI begins with high-quality classroom instruction and provides targeted, intensive interventions to students who struggle with specific skills or concepts.

In order to be effective, RtI in reading requires universal screening at the beginning and middle of the school year to identify potential reading problems, organized instruction that allows for progress monitoring and differentiated lessons based on students' skills and needs, and systemic skill instruction for students receiving intensive interventions. The training and support for proper engagement of these strategies needs to come from a systemwide RtI Implementation framework.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Assisting Students Struggling With Reading: Response to Intervention (RtI) and Multi-Tier Intervention in the Primary Grades.

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District Implementation Tracking Plan

The Oregon RTI Project uses this resource with districts preparing to implement RtI. It focuses on key systems requirements, staff development, special education policies, and district capacity to...

Sample Material
Document
06/23/2014
793 views
RtI Training for School Districts

RtI Training for School Districts

Erin Lolich, an administrator in the Tigard-Tualatin School District and the director of professional development in RtI for 32 school districts, describes the types of training, coaching, and...

School Example
Audio
06/23/2014
549 views
Principal’s Role in Instructional Decision Making

Principal’s Role in Instructional Decision Making

Principal Deb Chiodo from Cornell Elementary School describes her development as an instructional leader through the use of RtI. Systematic and regular grade-level meetings are the heart of the...

School Example
Video
06/23/2014
512 views
Lessons From Iowa About RtI

Lessons From Iowa About RtI

Lana Michelson, chief of Iowa's Bureau of Student and Family Support Services, and Eric Neessen, consultant for School Psychological Services, discuss Instructional Decision Making (IDM). IDM is a...

School Example
Audio
06/23/2014
411 views

RtI Readiness Self-Assessment Tool for Elementary Schools

The Pennsylvania self-assessment helps schools/districts determine next steps in implementing an RtI framework. The tool assesses ten readiness categories, such as data-based decision making,...

Sample Material
Document
06/23/2014
765 views
Setting the Stage for RtI Implementation

Setting the Stage for RtI Implementation

Joy Eichelberger, Pennsylvania's RtI State Lead and Director of Intervention Services for regional provider PaTTAN, describes the state's RtI rollout strategy. She shares lessons learned from pilot...

Expert Interview
Video
06/23/2014
465 views
State Leadership: Building an RtI System

State Leadership: Building an RtI System

Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Gerald Zahorchak describes how Response to Intervention has served to align the state's reform and improvement framework. In Pennsylvania, RtI is known as RtII...

School Example
Video
06/23/2014
457 views

Explicit Instruction Lesson Plan Template

Trainers, reading specialists, and coaches are encouraged to use this lesson planner to help interventionists implement explicit teaching strategies. The tool includes a lesson plan worksheet and a...

Tool
Document
06/22/2014
7748 views

Observing Explicit Reading Instruction

Download this tool as a framework for conducting observations of explicit reading instruction. It includes an observation checklist, teacher self-reflection form, guidelines for reviewing the...

Tool
Document
06/22/2014
2283 views

Teacher Self-Assessment: Improving Systematic Instruction

This tool can be used by reading specialists and coaches to help teachers reflect on their implementation of systematic and explicit teaching strategies during small group and one-to-one tiered...

Tool
Document
06/22/2014
1065 views

K-2 Essential Reading Standards Assessment Form

Content standards identify skills, knowledge, and abilities that all students should master in a subject area at specific grade levels. This list of K-2 reading content standards is adapted from...

Sample Material
Document
06/22/2014
909 views

Reading Skills Error Analysis Sheet

Iowa teachers use this error analysis sheet to identify student errors and plan interventions to address a student’s specific needs using intensive instructional strategies. This resource includes...

Sample Material
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06/22/2014
1703 views
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