Fractions
Explore resources designed to improve fractions instruction in elementary and middle school.
- View a visual diagram of all four practices
- Watch a topic overview and download planning templates
- Listen to an expert
Explore the subtopics below to learn more about the recommended practices:
To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Developing Effective Fractions Instruction for Kindergarten Through 8th Grade.
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Using a Number Line to Teach Fractions
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
Elementary school teachers demonstrate the use of an open number line with two scales for adding and subtracting fractions and explain why the open number line can be a valuable tool for students...
Resource Type
School Example
Teaching Fractions in Grade 2
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
Watch a second-grade teacher describe a review lesson designed to check understanding of fractions, decimals, and percents. This classroom presentation was shown in the topic National Mathematics...
Resource Type
School Example
Representations of Part-Whole Relationships
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
Listen to how a math coach works with second graders on fair sharing and fraction equivalence challenges. The lesson culminates with students exploring parts of a whole and equivalencies,...
Resource Type
School Example
Equal Sharing in Grade 1
Fractions > Fractions Concepts > See How It Works
Watch a teacher guide students through a problem set requiring fair sharing of objects and sets of objects. Using Sharing Cookies Worksheets, she provides differentiated challenges based on...
Resource Type
School Example
A Learning Trajectory for Fractions
Fractions
Mathematics coaches describe what they’ve observed about how children deepen their understanding of fractions. They unpack the skills required to perform fraction operations using a technique...
Resource Type
School Example
Partitive and Measurement Fraction Problems
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
Dr. Brendefur uses two context problems to distinguish between partitive and measurement fraction problems. These two slides illustrate the differences between the two problems and demonstrate the...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Fraction Strip Game: Cover Up
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
A third-grade teacher uses this game to help students understand unit fractions and equivalences. Students work in pairs, following instructions to play two variations of the game. Making and Using...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Fraction Tracks Game
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
Fifth graders play this game to practice working with equivalent fractions, as seen in Fraction Game on Number Lines. Included are a game board and instructions for the game, including how to...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Frank's Fresh Farm Produce
Fractions > Fractions as Numbers > See How It Works
View a problem assigned to elementary school students that required the use of a double number line, and the solutions that groups of students developed. View the students working on the problem in...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Ratio, Rate, and Proportion Problems
Fractions > Ratio, Rate, Proportion > See How It Works
This collection of twelve ratio, rate, and proportion problems was contributed by expert Dr. Jim Lewis and includes his comments on solutions and notes about the potential difficulties students may...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Dumb Friends League Problem
Fractions > Fractions Operations > See How It Works
Students work on this set of real-world problems about placing homeless dogs in animal shelters. The problems require comparison of fractions as seen in Grade 5 Number Talk. Related Media and...
Resource Type
Sample Material
Web Shots for Spiderman Problem
Fractions > Fractions Operations > See How It Works
Students use this worksheet to record findings from exploration with Cuisenaire Rods as they build a foundation for working with equivalent fractions. Their work is shown in Solving a Real-World...
Resource Type
Sample Material