Reading difficulties impact students' achievement across all subject areas and can cause increasing challenges at higher grade levels. Recognizing when students are struggling with reading in the early grades allows teachers to provide the necessary support that will help them succeed in the long run. 

Response to Intervention (RtI) is a formal system of detection, prevention, and support designed to help struggling elementary school students before they fall behind. RtI begins with high-quality classroom instruction and provides targeted, intensive interventions to students who struggle with specific skills or concepts.

In order to be effective, RtI in reading requires universal screening at the beginning and middle of the school year to identify potential reading problems, organized instruction that allows for progress monitoring and differentiated lessons based on students' skills and needs, and systemic skill instruction for students receiving intensive interventions. The training and support for proper engagement of these strategies needs to come from a systemwide RtI Implementation framework.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Assisting Students Struggling With Reading: Response to Intervention (RtI) and Multi-Tier Intervention in the Primary Grades.

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Data Analysis Worksheets and Team Protocol

California schools use these materials to structure data meetings. The protocol offers a script for conducting the meeting, and the worksheets help with goal-setting, data collection and analysis,...

Sample Material
Document
06/20/2014
1255 views

Data-Driven Instructional Plan

This resource shows the process Iowa schools follow to plan data-based instruction. A graphic outlines four sequenced steps: screening, additional diagnostic assessment, instruction, and results...

Sample Material
Document
06/20/2014
1022 views

Steps for Monitoring and Graphing Progress

This Pennsylvania Department of Education publication outlines seven steps to assist teachers with progress monitoring and using data for instructional decision making. It includes an example of...

Sample Material
Document
06/20/2014
846 views
Helping Teachers Use Progress Monitoring

Helping Teachers Use Progress Monitoring

A literacy coach discusses progress monitoring and ways to support teachers in using assessment data to plan instruction. She explains the role of the reading team and describes how students are...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
576 views
Early Elementary Assessment: Phonemic Awareness

Early Elementary Assessment: Phonemic Awareness

Watch a demonstration of informal phonological and phonemic awareness assessments conducted with an elementary school student. Hear about how assessments are used to identify struggling students...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
663 views
Reteaching in Small-Group Interventions

Reteaching in Small-Group Interventions

A first-grade teacher demonstrates a small group phonics lesson and discusses reteaching and frequent checking for skill mastery. She explains the 80% / 20% decision rule for regrouping, describes...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
707 views
Managing Differentiation With Small Groups

Managing Differentiation With Small Groups

Hear a second-grade teacher explain how she differentiates instruction daily for four learning skills groups and monitors student progress through frequent informal and formal assessments. She...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
858 views
Differentiation Within the Kindergarten Core

Differentiation Within the Kindergarten Core

Listen to a kindergarten teacher discuss differentiation within core instruction, including strategies for teaching English language learners. She uses explicit strategies such as modeling and...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
617 views
Managing Progress Monitoring in the Classroom

Managing Progress Monitoring in the Classroom

A first-grade teacher demonstrates how to conduct progress monitoring and manage this process in the classroom. She describes reading measures, classroom management strategies, and gives an example...

School Example
Video
06/20/2014
589 views

Screening Implementation Self-Assessment

The three activities included in this tool provide building-level leadership teams and school administrators with a framework for reflecting on the implementation and quality of their universal...

Tool
Document
06/20/2014
964 views

RtI School Leadership Checklist

Download this checklist to help develop a plan for creating a building-level leadership team to facilitate establishment of an RtI framework. The checklist addresses staffing, resources, key...

Tool
Document
06/20/2014
999 views

Learning Together About Universal Screening

Use this tool to plan a staff development meeting to review the universal screening recommendation and learn about the purpose of a universal screening system, appropriate measures for assessing...

Tool
Document
06/20/2014
964 views
  • Items 37 - 48 of 79