Reading difficulties impact students' achievement across all subject areas and can cause increasing challenges at higher grade levels. Recognizing when students are struggling with reading in the early grades allows teachers to provide the necessary support that will help them succeed in the long run. 

Response to Intervention (RtI) is a formal system of detection, prevention, and support designed to help struggling elementary school students before they fall behind. RtI begins with high-quality classroom instruction and provides targeted, intensive interventions to students who struggle with specific skills or concepts.

In order to be effective, RtI in reading requires universal screening at the beginning and middle of the school year to identify potential reading problems, organized instruction that allows for progress monitoring and differentiated lessons based on students' skills and needs, and systemic skill instruction for students receiving intensive interventions. The training and support for proper engagement of these strategies needs to come from a systemwide RtI Implementation framework.

To learn more about the research underlying these practices, view the IES Practice Guide, Assisting Students Struggling With Reading: Response to Intervention (RtI) and Multi-Tier Intervention in the Primary Grades.

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Foundational Reading Skills: Instructional Routines

The Florida Center for Reading Research (FCRR) has developed instructional routines for teaching foundational reading skills in grades K-3, including phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension,...

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06/22/2014
1999 views

Five Essential Reading Components

This summary chart of the five essential reading components is used in Iowa schools to help teachers understand the components and high priority skills identified within each component. The chart...

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06/22/2014
879 views

Thinkaloud Survey

The survey helps teachers reflect on their implementation of the thinkaloud strategy. The survey asks teachers to rate their skills, describe frequency of use, and identify where they need...

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06/22/2014
1049 views
Thinkaloud Examples in Comprehension and Phonics

Thinkaloud Examples in Comprehension and Phonics

Dr. Joseph Dimino explains how the thinkaloud strategy can be used during instruction. He demonstrates a comprehension thinkaloud using text and pictorial clues and a phonics thinkaloud using a...

Expert Interview
Video
06/22/2014
914 views

Systematic Teaching Strategies

This material, developed for Pennsylvania schools, describes several strategies, outlines student/teacher benefits, and provides instructional principles. Strategies include explicit teaching,...

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06/22/2014
1475 views
Modeling Initial Sounds in Tier 3

Modeling Initial Sounds in Tier 3

A reading specialist demonstrates modeling, guided practice, and error correction strategies during an intensive one-on-one lesson on letter sounds. She discusses how she models correct sounds and...

School Example
Video
06/22/2014
996 views

Planning Professional Development: Using Data

The three activities included in this tool provide building-level leadership teams and school administrators with a framework for reflecting on the implementation and quality of their progress...

Tool
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06/20/2014
709 views

Data Team Protocol for Differentiating Instruction

This planning tool has guidelines that assessment coordinators and principals can use to set up a process for conducting data meetings with grade-level instructional teams. This planner can help...

Tool
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06/20/2014
1182 views

Progress Monitoring Self-Assessment

Use this self-reflection activity to guide staff in thinking about how they collect and use progress monitoring data to differentiate instruction. Use the chart to identify strengths, indicate...

Tool
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06/20/2014
702 views

Progress Monitoring School Example

This example describes how an elementary school in Iowa implements progress monitoring, including monitoring in the core curriculum, planning supplemental support, core outcomes, and implementation...

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06/20/2014
876 views

Core Program Review Tool

Download a self-assessment used in Pennsylvania schools for evaluating and selecting research-based core programs. It addresses the key characteristics of effective instructional practices and...

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06/20/2014
758 views

Data-Informed Decision-Making: A School-Level Blueprint

Pennsylvania developed the blueprint to identify critical skills and guide school leaders in supporting data use. Three key planning processes are addressed and examples are provided: annual,...

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06/20/2014
914 views
  • Items 25 - 36 of 79